All challenges and global problems of contemporary world manifest themselves in various proportions on Polish ground. The map of objective, external processes is additionally superimposed by an intricate pattern of our own internal preconditions, mostly concerned with procedures of the implementation of democratic order and mechanisms of free market economy. On top of the two sources of factors there are also endogenous conditions rooted in the state of education, which experienced multiple perturbations in the course of post-war history of Poland. It was never successfully reformed and continually suffered from insufficient funding. At the same time social and economic expectations towards education have continuously been growing, especially now after the accession to the European Union.